kovah/laravel-html-meta

A Laravel package to parse meta information from an URL.

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Version

v2.1.2

Laravel HTML Meta Package

Laravel Support: v7, v8, v9 GitHub release (latest by date) GitHub Workflow Status (branch) GitHub

This package provides a simple helper to retrieve the HTML meta tags of a URL. It properly handles connection and client errors and converts the meta tag contents from the source encoding to UTF-8 if possible.

Installation

You can install this package via Composer:

composer require kovah/laravel-html-meta

Laravel automatically detects the package and makes it available in your application.

Usage

The HtmlMeta class is available as a facade and exposes the forUrl function. Here is a very basic example.

try {
    $metaTags = \Kovah\HtmlMeta\Facades\HtmlMeta::forUrl('https://kovah.de')->getMeta();
} catch (\Kovah\HtmlMeta\Exceptions\InvalidUrlException $e) {
    // the provided URL is invalid
} catch (\Kovah\HtmlMeta\Exceptions\UnreachableUrlException $e) {
    // the website under this URL is not reachable
}

The $metaTags variable now contains the following data:

[
  "title" => "Kovah.de - Web Development and Photography",
  "generator" => "Hugo 0.58.2",
  "viewport" => "width=device-width, initial-scale=1",
  "description" => "Kovah - Web Development by Kevin Woblick",
  "og:title" => "Kovah.de - Web Development by Kevin Woblick",
  "og:description" => "Kovah - Web Development by Kevin Woblick",
  "og:image" => "'https://kovah.de/kvh_social_1200x630.jpg'",
  "og:url" => "'https://kovah.de/'/",
  "og:site_name" => "Portfolio of Kevin Woblick",
  "twitter:card" => "summary_large_image",
  // ...
];

If you want to use the response of the original request made to parse the HTML meta, you can get it with the `` method like this:

$metaResults = \Kovah\HtmlMeta\Facades\HtmlMeta::forUrl('https://kovah.de');

$response = $metaResults->getResponse(); // Illuminate\Http\Client\Response
$metaTags = $metaResults->getMeta(); // array
$url = $metaResults->getUrl(); // string

Configuration

By default, the package uses a 10 seconds timeout when trying to fetch the content of the URL. If you want to increase or decrease this timeout, you can publish the HTML Meta configuration.

php artisan vendor:publish --provider="Kovah\HtmlMeta\HtmlMetaServiceProvider"

The configuration can now be found under config/html-meta.php.

Setting a custom User Agent

The package allows you to set one or more custom User Agents which will be used to send the requests. The User Agent(s) you want to use must be specified as an array in the package configuration html-meta.php like this:

'user_agents' => [
    'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.4) AppleWebKit/537.36.0 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/97.0.4692.71 Safari/537.36.0',
    'Mozilla/5.0 (Macintosh; Intel Mac OS X 10_12) AppleWebKit/…4.1.28 (KHTML, like Gecko) Version/15.2.0 Safari/604.1.28',
    'Mozilla/5.0 (compatible; Googlebot/2.1.0; +http://www.google.com/bot.html)',
    ...
]

The HTML Meta package will randomly choose one of the User Agents for each request. If you want to use only one User Agent, remove all others from the list:

'user_agents' => [
    'Mozilla/5.0 (Windows NT 6.4) AppleWebKit/537.36.0 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/97.0.4692.71 Safari/537.36.0'
]

Parsing Details

The default parser shipping with this package extracts the meta tags from the HTML. These are the steps it is going through after the packages received a successful response:

  • All meta tags with name or property properties are parsed from the <head> section. The keys are converted to lowercase.
  • The <title> tag is parsed and all excessive white space is removed from the start and the end of it.
  • The package checks for a charset, which can be specified as:
    • the HTML charset meta tag (),
    • the HTTP content-type header (content-type: "text/html; charset=utf-8"),
    • or as the HTML http-equiv="content-type" tag () We try to parse the charset in this exact order.
  • The value of all parsed meta tags is converted from the source charset (if available) to UTF-8, if it does not match UTF-8. If the meta tag value cannot be converted, it is replaced by null! The only exception is the title, which will be replaced by the hostname of the URL in case a conversion is not possible.
  • HTML entities such as &#8212; are converted to the correct characters, in this example .

This package is a project by Kovah | Contributors